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Almost everyone has sore, aching muscles now and then. Muscle pain (myalgia) can range from mild to excruciating. Though it often goes away in a few days, sometimes muscle pain can linger for months. Muscle pain can develop almost anywhere in your body, including your neck, back, legs and even your hands.
The most common causes of muscle pain are tension, stress, overuse and minor injuries. This type of pain is usually localized, affecting just one or more muscles or parts of your body. Systemic muscle pain, which you feel throughout your body, is different. It's more often the result of an infection, an illness or a side effect of a medication.
Common causes of muscle pain include:
What is Myofascial Pain Syndrome?
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a fancy way to describe muscle pain. It refers to chronic (long term) pain and inflammation in the body's soft tissues.
MPS is a chronic condition that affects the fascia (connective tissue that covers the muscles). It may involve either a single muscle or a muscle group. In some cases, the area where a person experiences the pain may not be where the myofascial pain generator is located. Experts believe that the actual site of the injury or the strain prompts the development of a trigger point that, in turn, causes pain in other areas. This situation is known as referred pain.
What Causes Myofascial Pain?
Myofascial pain may develop from a muscle injury or from excessive strain on a particular muscle or muscle group, ligament or tendon. Other causes include:
What Are the Symptoms of Myofascial Pain?
Myofascial pain symptoms usually involve muscle pain with specific "trigger" or "tender" points. The pain can be made worse with activity or stress. In addition to the local or regional pain associated with myofascial pain syndrome, people with the disorder also can suffer from depression, fatigue and behavioral disturbances.
How Is Myofascial Pain Diagnosed?
Trigger points (TP) can be identified by pain that results when pressure is applied to a specific area of a person's body. In the diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome, two types of trigger points can be distinguished:
How Is Myofascial Pain Treated?
Non-drug treatments may include:
In some chronic cases of myofascial pain, combinations of chiropractic care with physical therapy, low-level laser therapy, trigger point pressure and massage as needed.
In severe cases, medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, acetaminophen or opioids may be used to treat myofascial pain. As well, medications for sleep, depression or muscle spasm are sometimes used. Source: WebMD Medical Reference
Home treatment usually relieves muscle pain from minor injuries, stress or exercise. Muscle pain from severe injuries or systemic disease is often serious and requires medical care.
Get immediate medical care if you have muscle pain with:
Schedule a medical office visit with a physician if you have:
Muscle pain that occurs during an activity usually signals a "pulled" or strained muscle. These types of injuries usually respond well to P.R.I.C.E. therapy:
If you have any questions regarding chiropractic treatment of muscle pain,
please contact Dr. Pisarek at - firstname.lastname@example.org
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I have been a patient of Dr. Pisarek for a few years now. Every morning I have to say "thank you Dr. P.!". Your care and your treatment renew my energy... no more pains in my lower back, knee and foot. With your help I lost 20 pounds and I am keeping it off. I am really grateful to you and your wife Hilda for taking care of me. My retirement got a new meaning, thanks to you.