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What are Corns and Calluses?
Corns and calluses are thick, hardened layers of skin that develop when your skin tries to protect itself against friction and pressure. They most often develop on the feet and toes or hands and fingers. Corns and calluses can be unsightly.
If you're healthy, you need treatment for corns and calluses only if they cause discomfort. For most people, simply eliminating the source of friction or pressure makes corns and calluses disappear.
However, if you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor circulation to your feet, you're at greater risk of complications from corns and calluses. Seek your doctor's advice on proper care for corns and calluses if you have one of these conditions.
You may have a corn or callus if you notice:
Corns and calluses are often confused, but they're not the same thing:
When to see a doctor
If a corn or callus becomes very painful or inflamed, see your doctor. If you have diabetes or poor circulation, call your doctor before self-treating corns or calluses because even a relatively minor injury to your foot could lead to an infected open sore (foot ulcer) that's difficult to heal.
Pressure and friction from repetitive actions cause corns and calluses to develop and grow. Some causes include:
These factors may increase your risk of corns and calluses:
Tests and Diagnosis:
Your doctor will examine your feet and rule out other causes of thickened skin, such as warts and cysts. Your doctor may also request an X-ray to see if a physical abnormality is causing the corn or callus.
Treatments and Drugs:
Treatment for corns and calluses usually involves avoiding the repetitive actions that cause them to develop. Wearing properly fitting shoes, using protective pads and other self-care measures can help resolve them.
If a corn or callus persists or becomes painful despite your self-care efforts, medical treatments can provide relief:
Lifestyle and Home Remedies:
If you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor circulation, consult your doctor before attempting to treat corns and calluses on your own.
If you have no underlying health problems, these suggestions may help clear up corns and calluses:
These approaches may help you prevent corns and calluses from developing:
Source: The Mayo Clinic Website
An assessment by Dr. Pisarek will determine if the weight-bearing structures of the feet are compromised, producing foot deformities such as fallen arches. If they have, this can be addressed by chiropractic mobilizing techniques, stretching and specific exercises to strengthen the involved muscles. The use of computerized 'Footmaxx' custom foot orthotics may also be indicated.
Finally, nerve irritation in the lower back can often cause weakness in the legs, altering one's gait (walking) cycle. Therefore, Dr. Pisarek will also assess the spine as a possible source of any problems.
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I have been a patient of Dr. Pisarek for a few years now. Every morning I have to say "thank you Dr. P.!". Your care and your treatment renew my energy... no more pains in my lower back, knee and foot. With your help I lost 20 pounds and I am keeping it off. I am really grateful to you and your wife Hilda for taking care of me. My retirement got a new meaning, thanks to you.